Human right abuse in Jammu Kashmir include mass killings, enforced disappearances, torture, rape, and sexual abuse to political repression and suppression of freedom of speech but still, we are silent.
The Indian Army and various separatist militant groups have been accused and held accountable for committing severe human rights abuses against Kashmiri civilians. some rights groups say more than 100,000 people have died since 1989 while the official figures from Indian sources state the estimates of the er of civilians killed due to the insurgency as above 50,000.
After the Partition of India, during October–November 1947 in the Jammu region of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, many Muslims were massacred and others drove away to West Punjab. The killings were carried out by extremist Hindus and Sikhs, aided and abetted by the forces of Maharaja Hari Singh. An estimated 20,000–100,000 Muslims were massacred.
On 21 January 1990, a disgusting action was taken by India. Gawkadal massacre where the Indian paramilitary troops of the Central Reserve Police Force opened fire on a group of Kashmiri protesters in what has been described by some authors as “the worst massacre in Kashmiri history” along with the Bijbehara Massacre in 1993. At least 28 people were killed(according to survivors, the actual death toll may have been as high as 280).
On 1 March 1990, The Zukoora And Tengpora Massacre was the killing of protesters calling for the implementation of a United Nations resolution regarding the plebiscite in Kashmir at Zakoora Crossing and Tengpora Bypass Road in Srinagar. 33 people were killed and 47 injured by Indian forces
on February 23, 1991, Kunan Poshspora incident was an alleged mass-rape that occurred. The residents of the neighbourhood stated that militants had fired on soldiers nearby, which prompted the operation. Some of the villagers claimed that many women were raped by soldiers that night. The First information report filed in the police station after a visit by the local magistrate reported the number of women alleging rape as 23. However, Human Rights Watch asserts that this number could be between 23 and 100.
On 10 April 1993, Lal Chowk fire refers to the arson attack on the main commercial centre of downtown Srinagar. The fire spread and engulfed the locality consuming over 50 homes and 260 shops. When the para-military forces arrived in response to the situation, they became engaged in a fire-fight for over four hours during which over 10,000 bullets were fired. In this and other incidents in the ensuing days, over 260 lives were lost due to terrorism-related violence.
On 22 October 1993, the eighth day of the siege, around 10,000 to 15,000 protesters gathered in the courtyard of the Jamia Masjid of Bijbehara after finishing Friday prayers. The protesters marched through the streets shouting pro-independence slogans, demanding an end to the Hazratbal siege and demonstrating against an earlier incident of firing on protesters near the Hazratbal shrine. he BSF allegedly blocked the street and started firing indiscriminately, killing at least 48 people on the spot and injuring more than 200 others. The firing continued for nearly ten minutes.
Human Rights Watch reported an eyewitness to the incident recalled:
“The people had gathered on the National Highway which passes through Beijbehara town. It was like this even then, narrow, with shops on both sides of the road. There were thousands of people shouting slogans. But it was peaceful…. The BSF just opened fire without any warning. It was terrible. There were so many people lying on the ground. Others were running in panic…. This road, this very road, was full of blood.”
6 January 1993, The Sopore massacre refers to the killing of at least 43 persons by the Indian Border Security Force (BSF) who were travelling on a bus from Bandipur to Sopore in Kashmir.
On March 8, 1996, Andrabi was detained in Srinagar by Major Avtar Singh, of the 35th Rashtriya Rifles unit of the Indian army. Andrabi’s body was found floating in the Jhelum River three weeks later. an autopsy showed that he had been killed days after his arrest. A case is pending adjudication in a Budgam court against Major Avtar Singh.
The 1998 Chapnari massacre was a massacre of 25 Hindu villagers in Chapnari village in Doda district of Jammu & Kashmir on 19 June 1998, by Unknown terrorist groups.
The 2002 Kaluchak Massacre was a terrorist attack on 14 May 2002 near the town of Kaluchak. Three militants attacked a Himachal Road Transport Corporation bus from the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh from Manali to Jammu and killed 7 people. After that they entered the family quarters of the Army and fired indiscriminately at the inmates, killing 23 persons, including 10 children, eight women, and five Army men. The age of the children killed ranged from four to 10 years. Thirty-four people were injured in the attack.
26 June 2004 in Teli Katha massacre was the killing of twelve sleeping Muslim Gujjars in the village of Teli Katha. The murdered villagers included women, children, and men who were members of the Village Defense Committee, had been sleeping in their dhok. They were fired upon indiscriminately.
The Shopian rape and murder case is the abduction, rape, and murder of two young women allegedly by the l Indian army in mysterious circumstances between 29 and 30 May 2009 at Bongam. two women who were sisters-in-law went missing from their orchard on the way home on 29 May 2009. The next day morning, their bodies were found both one kilometre apart. Local police rejected the allegations saying that the women appeared to have drowned in a stream.
On 23 February 2020 in Delhi, Hindu nationalist mobs burnt down the streets and looted the houses and mosque of Muslims. The killed and burnt around 37 Muslims. Almost all Muslims, were killed and many others have beaten half to death: a two-year-old baby was stripped by a gang to see if he was circumcised. Some Muslim women pretended to be Hindus to escape.
The isolation of Kashmir has largely worked from the government’s point of view in sealing it off from the outside world. But would it make much difference if events there were better known?
How long we will be silent, how long we will ignore Kashmir, how long we will let the Muslims burn, woman getting raped, the mass murder, the massacre. Till when Modi can trade-off India’s reputation as a ramshackle democracy and a feeling that “communal violence” is traditional in India, like hurricanes in Florida or earthquakes in Japan, and nobody is really to blame.
We want justice for Kashmir, justice for children whose parents are killed and they die of hunger, justice for parents whose daughters got raped in front of them, justice for a mosque that been burnt down, justice for innocent people who die every day because they live in Kashmir. It is time to raise voice for those who can’t because of their helplessness because they live in fear that any moment they can die or burn or rape.
We want Justice for Kashmir.